- Directors: Mel Brooks
- Producers: Michael Hertzberg
- Writers: Story, Andrew Bergman, Screenplay, Mel Brooks, Norman Steinberg, Andrew Bergman, Richard Pryor, Al Uger
- Genres: Comedy, Western
- Actors: Cleavon Little, Gene Wilder, Harvey Korman, Slim Pickens, Madeline Kahn
In the American Old West of 1874, construction on a new railroad runs into quicksand. The route has to be changed, which will require it to go through Rock Ridge, a frontier town where everyone has the last name of “Johnson” (including a “Howard Johnson”, a “Van Johnson” and an “Olson Johnson”.) The conniving State Attorney General Hedley Lamarr (Harvey Korman) â€“ not to be confused, as he often is in the film, with actress Hedy Lamarr â€“ wants to buy the land along the new railroad route cheaply by driving the townspeople out. He sends a gang of thugs, led by his flunky Taggart (Slim Pickens), to scare them away, prompting the townsfolk to demand that Governor William J. LePetomane (Mel Brooks) appoint a new sheriff. The Attorney General convinces the dim-witted Governor to select Bart (Cleavon Little), a black railroad worker who was about to be hanged, as the new sheriff. Because Bart is black, Lamarr believes that this will so offend the townspeople they will either abandon the town or lynch the new sheriff.
With his quick wits and the assistance of drunken gunslinger Jim (Gene Wilder), also known as “The Waco Kid” (“I must have killed more men than Cecil B. DeMille”), Bart works to overcome the townsfolk’s hostile reception. He defeats and befriends Mongo (Alex Karras), an immensely strong (but exceptionally dim-witted) henchman sent by Taggart, and beats German seductress-for-hire Lili von Shtupp (Madeline Kahn) at her own game, before inspiring the town to lure Lamarr’s newly-recruited and incredibly diverse army of thugs (characterized by Lamarr as ideally consisting of “rustlers, cutthroats, murderers, bounty hunters, desperadoes, mugs, pugs, thugs, nitwits, half-wits, dimwits, vipers, snipers, con men, Indian agents, Mexican bandits, muggers, buggerers, bushwhackers, hornswagglers, horse thieves, bull dykes, train robbers, bank robbers, ass kickers, shit kickers and Methodists” in addition to nearly every other kind of stock movie villain) into an ambush. (In the later scene where Lamarr conducts his hiring event, the candidates in line for consideration include stereotypical bikers, banditos, crusaders, Nazis and Klansmen).
The film ends with Bart shooting Hedley Lamarr in the groin at the ‘premiere’ of Blazing Saddles outside Grauman’s Chinese Theater, saving the town, joining Jim inside a theater to view the end of the movie, persuading people of all colors and creeds to live in harmony and, finally, riding (in a limousine) off into the sunset.